Opening the vault Featured

8:00pm EDT April 25, 2010

Stop for a minute or two and think back to what you learned about the banking industry during your childhood. Your parents probably introduced you to the concepts of deposits and checks and balances. You learned how to make the numbers work. Now think about what you learned about the industry during your years on campus and in the classroom. Some professor probably lectured to you about loans and liens and interest. You learned enough to earn a good grade and get out in the business world. And what did you learn about the industry after you established yourself in that world? You probably learned that a relationship with your banker is important, that surprises are bad and that communication is the key to just about everything.

Well, good. Keep all of that information in mind because so much of it remains relevant and important today. But so much more of the information that you learned during your childhood and your education and your years in business is now better left in the past, thanks to the lingering memories and results of the financial fiasco that rocked the economy for the better part of two years.

As we climb out of the fiscal wreckage of 2008 and 2009, the banking industry is in the middle of a new landscape. After what seemed like one bank sale, merger or closure after another, there are now fewer banks across the nation. And after thousands and thousands of businesses defaulted on their loans, banks of all sizes became more prudent in their lending practices.

The financial future continues to improve, but the present might be difficult for some business owners.

“In the last six months, banks were spending a lot of time reacting to the problems businesses were having as well as some of the problems in their own shops and in the financial markets,” says Kevin Hipskind, senior vice president, commercial lending, Fifth Third Bank. “So banks just didn’t have as much time to be out there working proactively with their clients on a lot of things. That left a lot of companies underserved.”

Ask the right questions

Communication with your bank and your banker is as important today as it was 10, 20 or 50 years ago — and, of course, with smart phones and the ability to talk almost immediately with just about anyone anywhere in the world at any time, communication has never been easier, either. But sitting down with your banker in person rather than over the phone remains the best and most effective means of communication, even if it might feel like some sort of lost art. That goes both ways, too; you should want to meet with your banker in person, but he or she should also want to meet with you.

“The first thing that companies can do is sit down with their relationship manager and discuss all the products and services that are currently being provided to them,” Hipskind says. “We try to do that every year because products and services tend to change as far as their relevance and their cost-benefit.

“The companies that have weathered the storm have significant upside opportunities, and the banks are having discussions on how to leverage this. Are there acquisitions that need to happen? Are there clients you can take on from your competitor who went out of business? What kind of working capital do you need to do that?”

It’s important for you to ask the right questions, too, especially if your bank merged with another bank during the recession or if it closed its doors and left you looking for a new bank.

For example, what will the bank offer you in terms of its resources? Will you work with one banker or with a team? As your business grows and changes, will the bank be able to help you meet your evolving needs? And how will the bank support you during your growth or expansion? Will the bank and your banker be proactive and visit your offices or locations in order to learn more about your company and provide trusted advice? Or will the bank offer nothing more than answers to your banking needs?

Think of that first conversation like a first date, of sorts. You want to learn as much as possible so you can determine whether to go out on a second date. If all goes well, maybe those dates will turn into a long-term relationship.

“We look for companies that recognize we’re in a difficult time and are looking for ways to cut costs, and we’re looking for ways to help them cut costs,” Hipskind says. “Those that have maintained really strong balance sheets and have cut costs to address some of the economic issues are seeing a lot of opportunities, and we’re looking for ways to help them grow. There are a lot of opportunities out there for growth. It really is a fun time to be out there talking to businesses. As much as there are challenges, there are great opportunities, too.”

Prepare for economic change

On the surface, at least, the economy has started to turn. You need to look no further than the Bureau of Labor Statistics for proof of that. The unemployment rate either held or dropped each month from October 2009 through February, down to 9.7 percent from 10.1 percent. But talk with enough bankers and the picture comes into clearer focus.

Banks are still lending money. Banks want and need to lend money. It is, after all, one of their major sources of revenue. But according to a panel of experts, the number of loans and the amount of money requested during the last 12 months dropped significantly, and among the businesses that continued to request loans, more defaulted than normal. That led to banks examining financial statements and trends more closely. It also led to the perception that banks were holding onto their money.

“I believe many clients would say that credit underwriting is certainly more conservative. In reality, that has been the case for much longer than nine months,” says Gary Dowell, regional vice president, commercial markets, RBC Bank. “I hope that our clients would say we are willing to listen and help them through down cycles. Many banks, weakened by the economy, are simply unable to assist their clients with certain credit requests or other bank services. That has forced clients to look beyond their primary bank for financial assistance and banking services.

“The banker can help educate the client on specific credit criteria used by the bank. Those facts will help the client understand the reasons behind a particular credit decision.”

Now, with fewer banks in the marketplace, some banks can be more selective. But most are actually more open now to lending and are more forgiving. Ask around and you might find that many are breaking down the last year of financial statements for businesses seeking a loan, examining each month in search of positive trends, rather than just glazing over negative numbers from the last two or three years. Other banks are adding business bankers. Still more have recently committed billions to small and medium businesses.

The time is right to work with your bank. Just ask.