Businesses in certain industries frequently overlook the Interest-Charge Domestic International Sales Corporation (IC-DISC) provisions of the tax code, which encourage U.S. manufacturing and exporting. The incentive essentially reduces the top federal tax rate on income from certain qualified goods and services from 39.6 percent to 20 percent.
“Because it is thought of as only a manufacturer’s incentive, many companies in certain eligible industries have never heard of the IC-DISC, or have summarily dismissed the incentive,” says Amit Mathur, CPA, director at WTP Advisors.
Rob MacKinlay, president of Cohen & Company, says, “Distributors, as well as industries that produce certain products and services, repeatedly overlook the IC-DISC. We have helped many of these companies realize that they are indeed eligible for the significant and easy-to-implement savings from this federal incentive that does not disrupt business operations whatsoever.”
Smart Business spoke with Mathur and some of the top accounting firms in the region about the IC-DISC and some of the industries that frequently miss, or underutilize, the valuable incentive.
Can distributors, brokers use an IC-DISC?
Distributors of U.S.-made products are eligible for IC-DISC benefits on those goods that are exported. Since many distributors have been told that they do not qualify for the ‘Domestic Production Activities’ deduction, which does indeed require manufacture by the taxpayer claiming the deduction, they have assumed that they aren’t eligible to use an IC-DISC.
“While the exported goods must be finished in the U.S., both the final manufacturer as well as the distributor that does the actual exporting are eligible to use the IC-DISC. Unfortunately, both parties often miss out on the opportunity,” says Jim Bowen, tax partner at Bober Markey Fedorovich.
Are architects and engineers entitled to claim savings under this provision?
Architectural and engineering services furnished in connection with foreign construction projects and facility expansions can qualify for IC-DISC benefits.
“Regardless where the architectural and engineering services are performed, and even if the project never comes to fruition, such services are eligible,” says Pete Chudyk, senior tax shareholder at Maloney + Novotny.
Can software firms save with the IC-DISC?
Licenses and sales of software programs used abroad, as well as in Canada and Mexico, may be eligible for IC-DISC benefits.
Mike Luxeder, tax director at Libman Goldstine Kopperman & Wolf says, “Software companies should examine where their products are ultimately used. The IRS recently clarified its position that software sales, licenses and royalties can indeed qualify for the IC-DISC.”
How might recyclers use the IC-DISC?
Recycled products, as long as they undergo the requisite amount of U.S. manufacturing and are ultimately exported, can be eligible for the IC-DISC. The IC-DISC tax regulations consider any product to be manufactured in the U.S. if at least 20 percent of the costs to produce the product are related to U.S. labor and factory burden. This includes labor related to destroying, cleaning and treating scrap or waste materials such as metals.
How can food producers and growers get the benefits of this tax provision?
Products that are ‘manufactured, produced, grown or extracted’ in the U.S., and are ultimately exported, are eligible for the IC-DISC. Ohio’s chief agricultural exports, such as soy and corn, are often missed. Raw, processed and semi-processed foods, livestock, pelts, etc., are also eligible.
Many farmers and ranchers, particularly those selling through certain cooperatives, are just now starting to realize the opportunity to participate in the tax savings from the IC-DISC.
If you’ve passed over the IC-DISC before because you’ve bought into the notion that this incentive is only for manufacturers and exporters, you may be losing money. There are many industries that can draw a benefit. However, it’s advisable that you contact a specialist to help your business navigate the complex rules. ●
Insights Tax Incentives is brought to you by WTP Advisors
Companies that have looked into using the IC-DISC (Interest-Charge Domestic International Sales Corporation) provisions of the tax code, intended to help U.S. companies compete internationally, might remember that the incentive essentially reduces the top federal tax rate on income from certain qualified goods and services from 39.6 to 20 percent.
“Partly because it is thought of as a manufacturing and export incentive, many companies have dismissed the IC-DISC. Many more have misinterpreted the rules, which actually do not require manufacturing or exporting,” says Amit Mathur, CPA, director at WTP Advisors.
Pete Chudyk, head of the tax consulting practice at Maloney + Novotny LLC, says “We have helped many companies realize that the definition of ‘qualified export’ sales for IC-DISC purposes is explicitly based on use outside of the U.S., and does not literally require the exporting of goods.”
Smart Business spoke with Mathur and top accounting firms about five IC-DISC myths that lead to business owners missing or underutilizing the valuable government incentive.
Myth 1: Products must be exported.
Perhaps the most widely held IC-DISC misinterpretation is that a company must export a product and sell to a foreign customer to qualify for benefits.
While the product generally must be ultimately used outside of the U.S. — without being further manufactured by another party inside the U.S. — there is no requirement that the product be exported, or that the customer be foreign. In some cases, the product may even return to the U.S. For example, an Ohio auto parts maker that sells to General Motors Co. can claim benefits if the parts are incorporated into a car GM builds in Mexico. A special component rule allows these parts to qualify after being incorporated into another product abroad that returns to the U.S.
Mike Trabert, a partner at Skoda Minotti, says “Any closely held manufacturer or distributor should examine where the ultimate use of their products occurs. While they may not consider themselves ‘exporters,’ significant and easy to implement tax benefits may be available.”
Myth 2: The taxpayer must manufacture the product.
Closely held distributors and brokers, as well as the final manufacturers, of any U.S.-made product are eligible for IC-DISC benefits for any given qualified sale or lease. Unlike the Domestic Production Activities Deduction often enjoyed in tandem with the IC-DISC — both benefits can be claimed — manufacture by the taxpayer is not required.
Myth 3: Business operations will be disrupted.
A popular misconception is that using an IC-DISC will require a new entity to sell qualified exported goods in order to obtain the tax savings. This fear of having to alter contracts, logistics, payments, etc., is totally unfounded. There is actually no effect on cash flow or any other business operations from using an IC-DISC. Other than receiving a commission from the related operating company and immediately paying a dividend back to the company, or its owners, the IC-DISC typically does not perform any activities whatsoever.
Myth 4: IC-DISC benefits are limited to $10 million of qualified sales.
No limitation exists on the amount of qualified export sales that can generate IC-DISC benefits. Originally, the IC-DISC provided a deferral benefit, and the amount that could be deferred was related to only $10 million of qualified export sales.
Myth 5: IC-DISC commission is 4 percent of export sales or 50 percent of export income.
IC-DISC savings result from allowable commission paid to an IC-DISC, generating an expense at ordinary rates (39.6 percent) with the same amount typically being paid from the IC-DISC to its shareholders as a dividend, taxed at dividend rates (top rate 20 percent). Many believe this commission amount is limited to 4 percent of export sales or 50 percent of export taxable income.
In reality, each qualified export transaction can use either of these basic methods, or a host of other methods explicitly encouraged in the regulations that can be more beneficial. Some methods even allow loss transactions to generate a commission. ●
Insights Tax Incentives is brought to you by WTP Advisors
Companies using the Interest-Charge Domestic International Sales Corporation (IC-DISC) provisions of the tax code, which are intended to help U.S. companies compete internationally, already know that the incentive essentially reduces the top federal tax rate on certain income from qualified goods and services from 39.6 to 20 percent.
“What you may not realize is that the intended and allowable available savings are often much, much greater,” says Amit Mathur, CPA, director at WTP Advisors.
Rob MacKinlay, president of Cohen & Company, says, “Many companies use basic, aggregate IC-DISC calculation methods, though other allowable methods explicitly encouraged in the regulations yield a much higher result. This can be the equivalent of claiming a standard deduction on your individual tax return when itemized deductions are much higher. Many of our clients have dramatically increased savings with a transactional analysis.”
Smart Business spoke with Mathur and his industry peers about IC-DISC and how business owners can extract more value from its proper implementation.
How can IC-DISC savings be maximized?
Most companies utilizing the IC-DISC enjoy the reduced tax arbitrage for either 4 percent of their qualified export gross sales, which is limited to the taxable income from those sales, or 50 percent of the taxable income from qualified export sales. Many believe that these are the maximum amounts used to determine the IC-DISC commission, which is subject to a top rate of 20 percent, rather than 39.6 percent. In reality, these amounts should be considered the minimum commission that results from the two simplest, basic methods.
Truly maximizing the intended and allowable benefits from the IC-DISC requires a more in-depth calculation, but may not take much more time. Each transaction can utilize a choice of many other attractive methods explicitly defined and encouraged in the regulations. For instance, transactions that yield a loss can generate commission. Transactions for products with less-than-average profitability compared with their product group or line also may yield additional benefits.
An analysis utilizing the most beneficial of these methods for different transactions will yield higher results, often more than double, compared with using the basic methods at an aggregate level.
Steve Switaj, CFO of Three D Metals, a company that has used transactional analysis in conjunction with the IC-DISC for years, says, ‘While fluctuation in material prices and unforeseen costs are constant concerns, the increased IC-DISC savings that often results from such variability is a nice feature of the incentive, and enables us to compete in export markets more effectively.’
Can prior year IC-DISC savings be improved?
Re-determinations of IC-DISC benefits can be performed for any open tax years. As Jim Bowen, tax partner at Bober, Markey, Fedorovich & Company, puts it, ‘If the savings from a transactional analysis of IC-DISC benefits is significant, amending the results should be considered, particularly for companies under audit for given tax years.’
Are you overlooking the IC-DISC entirely?
Closely held manufacturers, distributors, growers, software producers, equipment leasing companies, and architectural or engineering firms should consider it.
Mark Klimek, head of the tax practice at McDonald Hopkins, LLC, says, ‘Manufacturers and distributors not fully exploring this incentive may be missing significant tax benefits from a relatively inexpensive to implement government incentive that does not disrupt business operations.’
If products and services are ultimately used outside of the U.S., they will typically qualify. The rules for component parts ultimately sent outside of the U.S. are even more generous — generally, they can even return to the U.S. after being incorporated into another product. Tod Wagner, of Libman Goldstine Kopperman & Wolf, says, ‘Because of the favorable rules defining qualified export property, many companies eligible to use an IC-DISC are overlooking the incentive entirely as they do not think of themselves as manufacturers or exporters. In reality, they may need not to be either.’
Amit Mathur, CPA, is a director at WTP Advisors. Reach him at (216) 292-6732 or email@example.com.
Ready for a complimentary analysis of whether your IC-DISC benefits can be increased? Call Amit Mathur at (216) 292-6732.
Insights Tax Incentives is brought to you by WTP Advisors